When building a road, having the right equipment handy will help your project proceed as smoothly as possible. The types of machines you'll need will vary by terrain and project. For example, building a road in a sloped region will require more sophisticated machinery than building on flat surfaces. But regardless of your project, here's what you'll need to get started.
An excavator is the first machine you'll need to begin your road construction project. Excavators dig the foundation that your road will be built on. They can also move large tracts of earth to create the site where you can begin laying concrete and asphalt.
Excavators vary in size and specific function. For example, crawler excavators can dig deep underneath the surface to create an even and stable foundation for roads. They're an excellent option for steep slopes or roads that are being built on unstable ground.
2. Motor grader
After digging the road's foundation, it needs to be levelled before the top asphalt layer can be placed. A motor grader comes in handy for levelling earth and setting a stable surface for asphalt to sit on. These large machines have wide tyres and a long blade that can level out high volumes of soil, rock and earth.
Levelling earth is just the first step. Next, you need to carefully lay down asphalt and compress it in place. A roller machine is used to compress asphalt layers after they've been placed on the road surface. Because asphalt is composed of many different layers, keeping it compact will prevent disintegration while the road is being used. A roller machine contains a drum-shaped roller that compresses asphalt in place.
You may already be familiar with forklifts on the construction site. The machines lift heavy objects and transport them to where they're needed. As opposed to lift trucks that are used for warehousing, forklifts used in road construction are much larger and capable of handling high capacity loads. They can be used to transport equipment, tools and other pieces that are needed for construction work at the site.
4. Cement/asphalt mixer
As the road is being built, being able to mix asphalt on-site will be a significant advantage. This strategy is cost-effective and reduces the amount of time it takes to complete your project. An asphalt mixer combines minerals, petroleum products, earth and a binder to create fresh asphalt upon demand. You can also use a cement mixer to produce fresh concrete for walkways and other paved paths.
Reach out to an earthmoving company for more information.